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Understanding the Basics of GST for Startups

Understanding the Basics of GST for Startups

GST, or the Goods and Services Tax, is an indirect tax that is levied on the supply of goods and services in India. It is a comprehensive tax that has replaced several other indirect taxes that were previously in place. For startups, there are several important details regarding GST that they should be aware of:

Following are the points which a startup must keep in mind while kickstarting business:

1.  GST Registration

2. GST Compliance

3.  GST Rates

4. Input Tax Credit (ITC)

5. GST Council

6. E-Way Bill

7. GST Audit

1. GST Registration:

Every business with a turnover of more than Rs. 20 lakhs (Rs. 10 lakhs for northeastern states) is required to register for GST. Startups should ensure that they register for GST in a timely manner to avoid penalties and legal issues.

2. GST Compliance:

Once registered, startups must comply with the rules and regulations of GST. This includes filing monthly or quarterly returns, maintaining proper records and invoices, and paying GST on time.

3. GST Rates:

GST is charged at different rates for different goods and services. Startups must be aware of the applicable GST rates for their products or services.

4. Input Tax Credit (ITC):

Under GST, businesses can claim ITC on taxes paid on purchases. Startups should maintain proper records of their purchases and claim ITC to reduce their tax liability.

5. GST Council:

The GST Council is responsible for setting GST rates, making recommendations on GST policies, and resolving disputes related to GST. Startups should keep themselves updated on any changes or updates made by the GST Council.

6. E-Way Bill:

For the movement of goods worth more than Rs. 50,000, an e-way bill must be generated. Startups should ensure that they generate e-way bills for their goods to avoid legal issues.

7. GST Audit:

Businesses with an annual turnover of more than Rs. 2 crores are required to undergo a GST audit. Startups should be prepared for the audit and ensure that they comply with all GST regulations.

How can a startup raise funds?

How can a startup raise funds?

Fundraising for startups refers to the process of raising capital from external sources to fund the launch, growth, or expansion of a startup business. This can include funding for product development, hiring employees, marketing, acquiring customers, and other business operations.

Fundraising is an essential part of the startup ecosystem, as it provides startups with the necessary capital to pursue their vision and bring their products or services to market. It also allows startups to attract top talent, build partnerships, and achieve key milestones that can help them scale and succeed in the long run.

Fundraising for startups can take many forms, including bootstrapping, friends and family, crowdfunding, angel investors, venture capital, bank loans, grants, accelerators and incubators, and corporate partnerships. The type of funding that is most appropriate for a particular startup depends on its growth stage, funding needs, and the goals of its founders.

Ways to raise funds for a startup:


2. Friends and family

3. Crowdfunding

4. Angel investors

5. Venture capital

6. Bank loans

7. Grants

8. Accelerators and incubators

9. Corporate partnerships

There are many ways for a startup to raise funds. Here are some of the most common methods:

1. Bootstrapping: This involves using personal savings or revenue generated by the business to fund operations. This is often the initial funding source for many startups.

2. Friends and family: Startups can also raise funds from friends and family members who believe in their vision and want to invest in their business.

3. Crowdfunding: This involves raising funds from a large number of people, typically through online platforms. Crowdfunding can take many forms, including donation-based crowdfunding, reward-based crowdfunding, and equity crowdfunding.

4. Angel investors: Angel investors are high net worth individuals who provide funding to startups in exchange for equity in the company. Angel investors often provide not only capital but also mentorship, industry expertise, and networking opportunities.

5. Venture capital: Venture capital firms invest in startups that have the potential for high growth and significant returns. Venture capital firms typically invest larger sums of money than angel investors and may require a seat on the startup’s board of directors.

6. Bank loans: Startups can also obtain loans from banks or other financial institutions. These loans may be secured by collateral or may be unsecured.

7. Grants: Some startups may be eligible for government or private grants. These grants can provide funding for specific projects or initiatives and do not require repayment.

8. Accelerators and incubators: Some startups may participate in accelerator or incubator programs that provide funding, mentorship, and other resources to help startups grow and succeed.

9. Corporate partnerships: Some startups may partner with established corporations that provide funding, resources, and expertise in exchange for access to the startup’s technology or services.

It’s important for startups to carefully consider their funding options and choose the method that best aligns with their goals, values, and growth trajectory.

Monthly Compliances that a Startup needs

Monthly Compliances that a Startup needs

These are some of the common monthly compliance requirements that startups need to adhere to. However, the compliance requirements may vary depending on the specific business and industry. It’s advisable to consult with an experienced professional or a compliance expert to ensure that the startup is complying with all the necessary requirements.

The monthly compliance requirements for a startup can vary depending on the industry, size, and location of the business. However, here are some common monthly compliance requirements that startups may need to adhere to:

Monthly Compliances a Startup Needs:

1. Goods and Services Tax (GST)

2. Employee Provident Fund (EPF)

3. Professional Tax


5. Income Tax

6. Statutory Audits

1. Goods and Services Tax (GST): If the startup is registered under the GST regime, it needs to file monthly GST returns, including GSTR-1, GSTR-3B, and GSTR-9/9C, as per the prescribed due dates.

2. Employee Provident Fund (EPF): Startups that have more than 20 employees need to deduct and deposit their employees’ provident fund contributions on a monthly basis. They also need to file monthly returns for EPF, including ECR (Electronic Challan cum Return), on the EPF portal.

3. Professional Tax: Some states in India require businesses to register and pay professional tax on a monthly basis. The tax amount varies depending on the state and the salary of the employees.

4. TDS/TCS: Startups that are liable to deduct tax at source (TDS) or collect tax at source (TCS) need to deposit the tax amount to the government and file monthly TDS/TCS returns, as per the due dates.

5. Income Tax: Startups that are liable to pay advance tax or self-assessment tax need to deposit the tax amount on a monthly basis. They also need to file monthly tax returns, such as Form 26AS and Form 16, as per the prescribed due dates.

6. Statutory Audits: Some startups are required to conduct statutory audits on a monthly basis. For instance, startups that are registered under the Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) Act or the Companies Act need to conduct monthly audits of their accounts.

Forms Required For Company Incorporation

Forms Required For Company Incorporation

Incorporating a company provides several benefits that can help to protect its owners, establish a professional image, save taxes, raise capital, and ensure continuity of existence.

The forms required for company incorporation can vary depending on the jurisdiction and type of company being formed. However, some of the common forms that may be required for incorporation include:

Forms required to incorporate a company 

1. Memorandum of Association (MOA)

2. Articles of Association (AOA)

3. Form INC-32 (SPICe)

4. Form INC-33

5. Form INC-34

6. Other forms


1. Memorandum of Association (MOA): The MOA is a legal document that outlines the objectives and scope of the company’s activities. It also includes details such as the name of the company, its registered office address, and the names of the initial shareholders or subscribers.

2. Articles of Association (AOA): The AOA is a legal document that outlines the rules and regulations governing the internal management and operations of the company. It includes details such as the powers of the board of directors, the rights of shareholders, and the procedures for calling and conducting meetings.

3. Form INC-32 (SPICe): Form INC-32, also known as Simplified Proforma for Incorporating Company Electronically (SPICe), is a form required by the Registrar of Companies (RoC) in India for the incorporation of a company. It includes details such as the name of the company, its registered office address, the details of the directors and shareholders, and the initial capital of the company.

4. Form INC-33: Form INC-33 is a form that is filed along with Form INC-32 (SPICe) and contains the memorandum of association of the company.

5. Form INC-34: Form INC-34 is also filed along with Form INC-32 (SPICe) and contains the articles of association of the company.

6. Other forms: Depending on the type of company and its jurisdiction, other forms may also be required for incorporation. For example, in India, a declaration by a professional certifying that all the requirements of incorporation have been complied with (Form INC-8) may also be required.

It’s worth noting that the specific forms and requirements for incorporation can vary based on the laws and regulations of the jurisdiction where the company is being incorporated. It’s important to consult with legal and accounting professionals to ensure that all the necessary forms and requirements are met.

Behavioral Finance

Behavioral Finance

Traditional finance theory assumes that investors are rational, and that markets always behave in a predictable, efficient way. However, behavioral finance recognizes that investors are not always rational, and that market behavior is often unpredictable and inefficient.

Behavioral finance explores how emotions, biases, and cognitive errors can lead investors to make irrational decisions, such as overconfidence, herding behavior, and loss aversion. It also studies how these factors can impact market prices and cause market anomalies, such as bubbles and crashes.

Behavioral finance has important implications for investors and financial professionals, as it suggests that traditional finance models may not always accurately describe the behavior of markets and investors. By understanding the biases and errors that can affect financial decisions, investors can make better investment decisions and improve their financial outcomes.

There are several theories within behavioral finance that seek to explain how psychological factors influence financial decision-making. Here are a few of the key theories:

Theories Of Behavioral Finance 

1. Prospect Theory

2. Mental Accounting

3.  Anchoring 

4. Herding Behaviour

1. Prospect theory: Developed by Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky, prospect theory suggests that people are more sensitive to losses than to gains, and that they are willing to take greater risks to avoid losses. This can lead investors to hold onto losing investments longer than they should, or to take on excessive risk in an attempt to recover losses.

2. Mental accounting: This theory suggests that people often compartmentalize their money into different mental accounts, based on factors such as the source of the money or the purpose of the investment. This can lead to suboptimal investment decisions, as investors may fail to consider their overall portfolio and the risk/reward tradeoffs of different investments.

3. Anchoring: This theory suggests that people tend to rely too heavily on the first piece of information they receive (the “anchor”) when making decisions, even if that information is irrelevant or arbitrary. This can lead to inaccurate valuations of assets, as investors may base their estimates on irrelevant or outdated information.

4. Herding behavior: This theory suggests that people are often influenced by the actions of others, and that they may imitate the behavior of others without fully considering the risks or benefits of their actions. This can lead to market bubbles and crashes, as investors may pile into certain investments or asset classes without fully understanding the underlying fundamentals.

These are just a few examples of the many theories within behavioral finance. Each theory seeks to explain how psychological factors influence financial decision-making, and how these influences can impact market prices and investment outcomes.

The theories of behavioral finance are significant because they provide insight into the ways in which psychological factors can influence financial decisions and market behavior. By understanding these influences, investors and financial professionals can make more informed investment decisions, and can potentially improve their financial outcomes.